What is Sleep Disordered Breathing?

Sleep Disordered Breathing is a pervasive disease effecting millions around the world.

Sleep Disordered Breathing is the result of a compromised or underdeveloped airway. People who suffer from this disease often show symptoms such as snoring during sleep, mouth breathing or a visible underdeveloped jaw line. 

SDB begins at birth and affects millions of children from a very young age. Children with SDB often have behavioral problems, struggle in school or have difficulty participating with other children. 

In adults the symptoms range from the slightly annoying to other serious symptoms. Snoring or restless sleep is often a sign of a more serious underlying condition. Other more serious signs such as hypertension or adult attention deficit are often a sign of more serious breathing issues.

Do you or someone you love suffer from a sleep disordered breathing condition?

Types of Disordered Breathing

There are three main types of sleep-disordered breathing.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) occurs when a patient’s upper airway closes either partially or fully but efforts to breathe continue. 

The primary causes of upper airway obstruction are: Tack of muscle tone during sleepExcess tissue in the upper airwayThe structure of the upper airway and jaw.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea is the most common form of sleep disordered breathing and it affects more than three in ten men and nearly one in five women.

Central Sleep Apnea

Central Sleep Apnea (CSA) occurs when the airway is open, but respiratory effort ceases due to a decrease in ventilatory drive. It is a central nervous system disorder. 

CSA can be caused by heart failure, or disease or injury involving the brain, such as: 
Stroke
Brain Tumors
Viral Brain Diseases

Chronic Respiratory Disease 

Individuals with CSA don’t often snore, so the condition sometimes goes unnoticed.

Mixed Sleep Apnea

Mixed Sleep Apnea occurs when signs of both OSA where the airway is obstructed, underdeveloped or compromised and where a decrease in ventilatory drive are present. 

Mixed Sleep Apnea is often missed during regular health examinations because the symptoms are often not considered serious health conditions.

We spend almost 30% of our lives sleeping. Only recently science begun to recognize many of the detrimental consequences of sleep disturbances produced by abnormal breathing patterns, or sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). 

Sleep Apnea and other sleep-related breathing disorders constitute the greatest number of sleep disorders seen by sleep medicine, pulmonary, and general practitioners in the outpatient setting. 

SDB has been associated with considerable morbidity. Serious conditions such as hypertension or adult attention deficit are often a sign of more serious breathing problems.